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Odisha Ikkat Handloom Cotton Sarees
Odisha Ikkat is a form of Ikat that originates form the states of Odisha. This Ikkat is created using the resist dyeing technique and is known as the Bandha of Odisha. Odisha Ikat has been granted a Geographical Indication since 2007. t is made through a process of tie-dying the warp and weft threads to create the design on the loom prior to weaving. These hand dyed and handwoven sarees are created in a number of villages in Odisha including, Barapalli, Remunda, Jhiliminda, Mahalakata, Singhapali, Sinepur, Patabhadi, Sagarpali, Tarabha, Biramaharajpur, Subalaya, Kendupali, Jaganathpali, and Kamalapur. In Cuttack district it is produced in the villages of Badamba, Nuapatna, Maniabadha, Narashinpur, Tigiria and many more. Thus while several villages of Odisha are involved in this craft, it is the Bargarh district that is most widely recognized for the Sambalpuri sarees which have the maximum reach beyond Odisha. The term ‘Sambalpuri’ for these textiles is therefore misleading, for they are not actually produced in Sambalpur, but its neighboring areas. However, Sambalpuri term is used more of a metonymic manner, referring to the larger distinct performance and art culture of this region.